Local Government Guide to the Internet
Chapter 8: Environment 
Local Government
Guide to the Internet
Home Page


Directories
Big 5 Environment Sites
Air Quality
Water
Hazardous Materials and Solid Waste
Species and Habitat
Climate
Miscellaneous Sites
Listservs

Directories
Natural Heritage Network, The Nature Conservancy
State contacts can provide local information about rare species and habitat health.
www.heritage.tnc.org

Regional Offices, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Each region has a website with unique contents. Some contain data, some donít.
www.epa.gov/epahome/locate2.htm

Regional Offices, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Contact your regional office to get information about threatened and endangered species in your local area.
www.fws.gov/where/regfield.html

State Environmental Departments, U.S. State & Local Gateway
www.epa.gov/regional/federal/envrolst.htm

State Departments of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources, State Search, National Association of State Information Resource Executives
www.nasire.org/stateSearch/displayCategory.cfm?Category=environment

Water Resources Directory, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
State and local contacts for local water data and information.
water.usgs.gov/yourplace.html

The Big Five Environmental Sites
Center for Environmental Information and Statistics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov/ceis

Envirofacts Warehouse, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html

Right to Know Network, OMB Watch and the Unison Institute
www.rtk.net

Scorecard, Environmental Defense
www.scorecard.org

Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
www.epa.gov/surf

Air Quality
Air Quality Nonattainment Areas, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Places where air pollution levels persistently exceed National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
www.epa.gov/airs/nonattn.html

AIRSData, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Facility-level information from the Aerometric Information Retrieval System--the worldís largest air pollution database. Includes maps of air monitoring stations and facilities monitored for air releases, estimated annual emissions of air pollutants from individual sources, compliance with federal air standards, and annual summaries of air pollution measurements at individual monitoring stations. Also includes state contacts for more information about air quality.
www.epa.gov/airsdata

Center for Environmental Information and Statistics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data on criteria air pollutants and the Pollution Standards Index for counties with air monitoring stations.
www.epa.gov/ceis

Envirofacts Warehouse, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Access to AIRSData.
www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html

Indoor Air Quality, Health Information Network, National Education Association
In cooperation with the EPA, this network provides information on ways to monitor and improve indoor air quality in schools.
www.neahin.org/4a.html

Office of Air and Radiation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about acid rain, air toxics, climate protection, global warming, indoor air, ozone layer, radiation, urban air, visibility, and more.
www.epa.gov/oar

Real Time ñ All, Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
State-by-state list of sites showing real time data from air and water quality monitoring stations. Updated hourly, daily, or weekly. Data not available for all monitoring stations or all states.
yosemite.epa.gov/water/surfnote.nsf/AllRealTime

Scorecard, Environmental Defense
County-level information on the cancer risk due to mobile, area, and point sources of air pollution, and facility-level information for criteria air pollutants and the Pollution Standards Index.
www.scorecard.org

Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Access to AIRSData for watersheds.
www.epa.gov/surf

Water
Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Department of the Interior
Dams by state, with information about individual dams such as water levels behind each dam. Streamflow and irrigation data. Maps showing power plants in the western states, and information about individual plants.
www.usbr.gov/main

Catalog of Federal Funding Sources for Watershed Protection, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Funding sources and descriptions.
www.epa.gov/owow/watershed/wacademy/fund.html

Center for Environmental Information and Statistics, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data from the Safe Drinking Water Information System.
www.epa.gov/ceis

Center for Watershed Protection
Information for local, state, and federal governmental agencies, and the general public on techniques to protect and restore urban watersheds, and on developing more effective urban storm water and watershed protection programs.
www.cwp.org

Drinking Water Quality, Health Information Network, National Education Association
Information on ways to monitor and improve drinking water quality in schools.
www.neahin.org/4d.html

Envirofacts Warehouse, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data from the Safe Drinking Water Information System and the Permit Compliance System.
www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html

Enviromapper for Watersheds
Map overall watershed characterization, fish consumption advisories, measures of water quality, urban and agricultural runoff, and much more.
www.epa.gov/iwi/iwimapper

Groundwater Atlas of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey
Describes location, extent and geologic and hydrologic characteristics of the nationís aquifers.
wwwcapp.er.usgs.gov/publicdocs/gwa

Index of Watershed Indicators, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Measures of watershed health including contaminated sediments, ambient water quality, wetland loss, pollution potential from agricultural and urban lands, and much more.
www.epa.gov/iwi

Know Your Watershed
Includes a National Watershed Network and a National Watershed Library. View watershed-level maps of impaired waters - water bodies receiving more pollutants than suggested by the Total Daily Maximum Load (TDML).
ctic.purdue.edu/KYW/KYW.html

National Atlas of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey
Interactive mapping tool with maps of watersheds, principal aquifers, real-time streamflow stations, streams and water bodies.
www.nationalatlas.gov

National Drinking Water Contaminant Occurrence Database, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
County-level data on the occurrence of contaminants in drinking water.
www.epa.gov/OGWDW/standard/pp/ncodpp.html

National Extension Water Quality Database, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Locate water quality experts, publications, and statistics for your state. Also links to state extension water quality websites.
hermes.ecn.purdue.edu:/server/water/water.html

National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Information on wild and scenic rivers by state.
www.nps.gov

Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials, National Association of Counties
Teaches local officials about the sources and impacts of nonpoint source pollution, the impact of land use on water quality, and how towns can protect the quality of their water.
www.canr.uconn.edu/ces/nemo

Permit Compliance System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Tracks permit issuance, permit limits, monitoring data, and other data pertaining to facilities regulated under National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System.
www.epa.gov/enviro/html/pcs/pcs_overview.html

Potential Drinking Water Contaminant Index, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Drinking water contaminants and sources that may be associated with three types of land use: commercial and industrial, residential and municipal, and agricultural and rural.
www.epa.gov/OGWDW/swp/vcontam3.html

Protecting Sources of Drinking Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
State and tribal programs for protecting drinking water sources.
www.epa.gov/safewater/protect.html

Real Time ñ All, Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
State-by-state list of sites showing real time data from air and water quality monitoring stations. Updated hourly, daily or weekly. Data is not available for all monitoring stations or for all states.
yosemite.epa.gov/water/surfnote.nsf/AllRealTime

Right to Know Network, OMB Watch and the Unison Institute
Data from the Permit Compliance System.
www.rtk.net

Safe Drinking Water Information System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about public water systems and compliance with EPA's regulations for safe drinking water.
www.epa.gov/enviro/html/sdwis/sdwis_ov.html

State of the Land, Natural Resource Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Data on nonfederal lands include land use and change, soil erosion and soil quality, water quality, wetlands, and other issues regarding conservation and use of natural resources.
www.nhq.nrcs.usda.gov/land/home.html

Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data from the Safe Drinking Water Information System and the Permit Compliance System, a map of waters not meeting water quality standards, and data about surface water and aquifers.
www.epa.gov/surf

Water On Tap: A Consumerís Guide to the Nationís Drinking Water, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about drinking water quality and safety. Addresses concerns that apply to many regions and situations.
www.epa.gov/OGWDW/wot/wot.html

Water Quality Information Center, National Agricultural Library, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Links to discussion lists, water quality websites, and water-related databases.
www.nal.usda.gov/wqic

Water Resources of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior
Water quality and use data, real-time streamflows, historical data, GIS data, publications, technical resources, and contacts for local information.
water.usgs.gov

Watershed Atlas, Watershed Information Network, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Maps and analyses of information and data important for watershed protection and restoration, including ecological health, human health, use of resources, condition, vulnerability, downstream effects, local involvement, and demographics.
www.epa.gov/atlas

Hazardous Materials and Solid Waste
Accidental Release Information Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about chemical spills and facility response.
www.rtk.net/rtkdata.html

Biennial Reporting System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Facility-level data on the generation, management, and minimization of hazardous waste.
www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/data

Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
General information about brownfields as an economic development resource.
www.epa.gov/reinvent/new1098

Emergency Response Notification System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Basic information about toxic spills and releases as reported to the National Response Center. Includes time, location, substance, and amount.
www.rtk.net

Envirofacts Warehouse, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data from the Toxics Release Inventory, the Biennial Reporting System, Superfund, and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System.
www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html

Enviromapper, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Maps of actual and potential Brownfields Tax Incentive Zones, and Superfund sites.
www.epa.gov/enviro/html/em

HazDat Databases, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Contaminants and their concentration levels, impact on population, community health concerns, public health threat classification and recommendations, and physical hazards at the site/event.
www.atsdr.cdc.gov/hazdat.html

Municipal Solid Waste Factbook, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
State data on solid waste generation and disposal, recycling, combustion, and land disposal.
www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl/factbook/internet/index.htm#top

Municipal Solid Waste Management, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
General information about municipal solid waste programs and disposal.
www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/muncpl

Office of Solid Waste, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publications, data and applications, information services, and laws and regulations related to solid waste.
www.epa.gov/osw

Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about the EPAís solid and hazardous waste programs, and federal laws and regulations.
www.epa.gov/swerrims

Pollution Online
Technical, operational, product, management, and regulatory information for anyone involved in the control and prevention of pollution from industrial and commercial sources.
www.pollutiononline.com/content/homepage

Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Facility-level data about hazardous waste handlers including permit status, compliance with federal and state regulations, and cleanup activities.
www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/data

Right to Know Network, OMB Watch and the Unison Institute
Provides free access to numerous databases, text files, and conferences on the environment, housing, and sustainable development.
www.rtk.net

Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Computer-based model developed by EPA to estimate risk levels associated with toxic chemicals released in a local area.
www.epa.gov/opptintr/env_ind

Scorecard, Environmental Defense
Data from the Toxics Release Inventory. Also identifies major polluters and pollutants by county.
www.scorecard.org

Solid Waste Funding: A Guide to Federal Assistance, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Funding sources for solid waste research and management programs available to state and local governments, the general public, and small businesses.
www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/grants/grants.txt

Solid Waste Online
Technical, operational, product, management, and regulatory information for people in the solid waste industry.
www.solidwaste.com/content/homepage

Superfund Site Information, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Includes location and status of Superfund sites.
www.epa.gov/superfund/sites

Toxics Release Inventory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Facility-level data about chemicals including release, transportation, disposal, treatment, recycling, energy recovery, and pollution prevention.
www.epa.gov/tri

Species and Habitat
Audubon Watch Lists by State, Audubon Society
State and regional lists of potentially threatened bird populations. Read the introduction carefully as it provides details about how to interpret the lists.
www.audubon.org/bird/watch/state2

Christmas Bird Count, Audubon Society
The Christmas Bird Count is now the ultimate source of information about early-winter birds. Includes data gathered by some 50,000 participants covering 1800 count circles across the Western Hemisphere.
birdsource.cornell.edu/cbc

Endangered Species Homepage, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
State-level lists of threatened and endangered plant and animal species.
endangered.fws.gov/index.html

Enviromapper for Watersheds, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Interactive mapping tool allows you to view local wetland and aquatic species at risk, or wetland loss.
 www.epa.gov/iwi/iwimapper

National Atlas of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey
Interactive mapping tool with distribution maps of butterflies, moths, and breeding birds.
www.nationalatlas.gov

National Biological Information Infrastructure
Links to biological data and information maintained by federal, state, and local government agencies, and private sector organizations. To find information specific to your state, go to the United States link and select your state.
www.nbii.gov

National GAP Analysis Program, U.S. Geological Survey
GIS map coverages for species and habitat.
www.gap.uidaho.edu/gap/

National Resources Inventory, Natural Resource Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Watershed- and county-level information about habitat types and characteristics.
www.ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/nri_data.html

National Wetlands Inventory, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Information about the characteristics, extent, and status of wetlands. Several types of GIS coverages are available online. Hard copy maps can be ordered.
www.nwi.fws.gov/Welcome.html

Natural Heritage Network, The Nature Conservancy
State natural heritage programs and The Nature Conservancy provide a catalog of all the vertebrate animals and vascular plants known in North America. There are also data on the exact locations of habitats supporting rare species and the relative health of the species or community at each location. State contacts are provided.
www.heritage.tnc.org

The Nature Conservancy
State and regional profiles include information on The Nature Conservancy preserves, local news and issues, and how to get involved.
www.tnc.org

Public Land Statistics ñ 1996, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Department of the Interior
Riparian miles, wetlands acres and their ecological status, and types of wildlife habitat on federal lands in western states.
www.blm.gov/nhp/landfacts/pls96.html

State of the Land, Natural Resource Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Watershed- and county-level maps and data on conservation needs, land capability, soil erosion, amount of wetlands, and number of threatened and endangered species.
www.nhq.nrcs.usda.gov/land/home.html

Surf Your Watershed, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Watershed-level information about percent of forest riparian habitat, and percent agricultural or urban riparian habitat.
www.epa.gov/surf

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Information about threatened and endangered species, the National Wildlife Refuge system, fish hatcheries, migratory bird management, and environmental contaminants such as pesticides.
www.fws.gov

Watershed Information Resource System (WIRS) Database, Terrene Institute
Information on lake and watershed restoration, protection, and management.
www.terrene.org/wirsdata.htm

Watershed Management, National Association of Counties
Links to sources that can help local governments with watershed management. Includes technical assistance, public funding sources, and publications.
www.naco.org/links/watershed.cfm

Wetlands Homepage, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
General information, federal laws and regulations related to wetlands.
www.epa.gov/OWOW/wetlands

Wetlands Interactive Mapper Tool, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Map data from the National Wetlands Inventory. To see what the colors on the maps mean, identify a point and then click on the attribute text (PEM, ...). This runs a program that interprets the attribute and gives a description. A Wetlands Attributes glossary will be available shortly.
www.nwi.fws.gov/wetlands_interactive_mapper_tool.htm

Wetlands Water Protection, National Association of Counties
Links to sources that can help local governments protect their wetlands. Includes technical assistance, public funding sources, and publications.
www.naco.org/links/wetlands.cfm

Climate
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Homepage, U.S. Department of Commerce
Includes local climate data, although it is not very easy to find. Two particular sources, United States Interactive Climate Pages, <www.cdc.noaa.gov/USclimate>, and CLIMVIS, <www.ncdc.noaa.gov/onlineprod/drought/xmgr.html>, give temperature and precipitation for selected towns and cities.
www.noaa.gov

National Water and Climate Center Homepage, Natural Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
County-level climate data including average high and low temperatures and average levels of precipitation (TAPS), and growing season (GROWTH and FROST).
www.wcc.nrcs.usda.gov/water/climate/foguide.html

National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce
Official weather forecasts. Includes links to regional climate centers.
www.nws.noaa.gov

State by State Impacts of Global Warming, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Impact of global warming on health, water resources, forests, rangelands, deserts, wetlands, agriculture, fisheries, birds, and national parks.
www.epa.gov/globalwarming/impacts/stateimp
 

Miscellaneous Sites
Environment and Natural Resources, Municipal Research and Services Center
Information related to brownfields, critical areas, endangered species, shoreline management, water conservation, and much more. Includes ordinances, sample local government documents, and links to government agencies and environment-related websites.
www.mrsc.org/environment/environ.htm

Environmental Atlas, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
An online environmental map collection including state, regional, and local base maps, environmental quality maps, and sources of map data.
www.epa.gov/ceisweb1/ceishome/atlas

Environmental Data Registry, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPAís clearinghouse for information about its environmental data. Look here for descriptions of data so you understand what the numbers mean.
www.epa.gov/edr

Environmental Law: An Overview, Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, Cornell University
Environmental law information including statutes, regulations, and judicial decisions at the federal level and for states, and links to other references.
wwwsecure.law.cornell.edu/topics/environmental.html

Environmentally Preferred Purchasing Resources, National Association of Counties
Both public and private resources.
www.naco.org/links/env_pur.cfm

Farm-A-Syst and Home-A-Syst, U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Tools and assistance to help ranchers and farmers, urban and rural residents, or government agencies to protect families and homes from pollution. State contacts are provided.
www.wisc.edu/farmasyst

Laws and Regulations, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental regulations, proposed rules, and current legislation before the U.S. Congress, and laws passed by the U.S. Congress.
www.epa.gov/epahome/rules.html

Local Government Environmental Assistance Network
Access to regulatory and pollution prevention information, message boards, regulatory updates, grants and financing information, and more.
www.lgean.org

NatureNet, U.S. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Air quality in protected areas, wildlife and plants in the parks, geological and water resources in the parks, GIS, and public use statistics.
www.nps.gov/nature

Orion Afield
Named one of the ten best magazines of 1998 by Library Journal. Contains information on conservation, restoration, education success stories, and efforts at building healthy communities.
www.orionsociety.org/afield.html

Small Community Enforcement Responses, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Information about state use of enforcement flexibility to provide compliance incentives for small communities.
es.epa.gov/oeca/scpolcy.html

Sector Facility Indexing Project, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Facility-level profiles for five industry sectors: petroleum refining, iron and steel production, primary nonferrous metal refining and smelting, pulp manufacturing, and automobile assembly. Information includes air releases, water releases, handling of hazardous materials, pollutant spills, and demographics of local population.
es.epa.gov/oeca/sfi

Listservs
AE
Topic covered: Alternative energy sources, both renewable and sustainable.
To subscribe, send e-mail to: LISTSERV@SJSUVMI.SJSU.EDU
E-mail subject heading: none
E-mail body message: SUBSCRIBE AE firstname lastname

eia
Topic covered: Environmental Impact Statement. For professionals in government, NGOs, and academic and research institutions.
To subscribe, send e-mail to: Majordomo@cedar.univie.ac.at
E-mail subject heading: none
E-mail body message: subscribe eia

Infoterra
Topic covered: General communications on environmental topics.
To subscribe, send e-mail to:Majordomo@cedar.univie.ac.at
E-mail subject heading: none
E-mail body message: subscribe infoterra yourname@email.address

LEPC
Topic Covered: Hazardous materials emergency response planning.
To subscribe, send e-mail to: listserv@list.uvm.edu
E-mail subject heading: none
E-mail body message: subscribe LEPC

Local Government Environmental Assistance Network
Topic Covered: Local government and the environment. Message boards.
To subscribe, visit: www.lgean.org:8080/~lgean

SIERRACLUB-ACTION
Topic Covered: Politics and the environment.
To subscribe, send e-mail to:listserv@LISTS.SIERRACLUB.ORG
E-mail subject heading: none
E-mail body message: SUB SIERRACLUB-ACTION Firstname Lastname

Water Quality Information Center
Topic Covered: Water resources discussion lists.
To subscribe, visit: www.nal.usda.gov/wqic/lists.html


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